Tuesday, August 27, 2013

Sri Krishna Jayanthi 2013 ~ Krishna Janmasthtami

The festival of Janmashtami commemorates the birthday of Lord Krishna, the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The festival is also referred to as Gokulashtami, or Govinda in Maharashtra. Lord Krisha is revered for his wisdom about how to live life on Earth.

This festival date in the year 2013 is celebrated on August 28,29 as this Festival runs for two days.

Krishna Janmashtami is the celebration of the birth of Lord Shri Krishna, the incarnation of Lord Vishnu, who is believed to have been born about five thousand years ago in Mathura in 'Dwapar Yuga'. Krishna Janmashtami is also known as Ashtami Rohini, Srikrishna Jayanti, Krishnashtami, Saatam Aatham, Gokulashtami and sometimes simply as Janmashtami. It is essentially a Hindu festival. The festival is generally observed on Ashtami tithi, the eighth day of the dark half or Krishna Paksha of the month of Bhadrapada in the Hindu calendar, when the Rohini Nakshatra is ascendant. This is usually in the months of August and September in the Gregorian calendar. The festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm and vigor by Hindus all over India and abroad. People observe fast the whole day, sing hymns and conduct prayers at midnight to rejoice the birth of Lord. Ras lila, dramatic enactments of the life of Krishna, are a special feature that is showcased in every part of the country, as it re-creates the flirtatious aspects of Krishna's youthful days. Another interesting aspect of Krishna Janmashtami is the practice of Dahi-Handi. This game portrays the playful and mischievous side of Krishna, where teams of young men form human pyramids to reach a high-hanging pot of butter and break it. 


According to the Puranas Krishna took birth on the 8th lunar day (Ashtami) of the waning moon of the month of Smvana at midnight, upon the moon's entrance into Rohini asterism. This day is marked as Janmashtami. Krishna is one of the most worshipped Gods in India and belongs to the Hindu Trinity. He is believed to be one of the eight incarnations of Lord Vishnu. The story of birth of Krishna is an intriguing one. The story goes like this: One day Mother Earth was appalled by the number of sins that were being committed on her surface. She went to Brahma that God of the Gods and appealed to him for help. Brahma, after listening to her, appealed to Lord Vishnu who said that He would take birth on earth and His avatar will destroy every kind of sin that was being committed on earth then. 

During that time, Mathura was in miserable state as Kansa, brother of Devki, had put his father, King Ugrasen in prison and declared himself the new king. To put an end to his evil rule, Lord Vishnu decided to take birth in the human form. As such, at the wedding ceremony of Devki and Vasudev, there was a divine prophecy which proclaimed that Vasudeva's eighth son would kill Kansa. To protect himself, Kansa rushed to kill his sister but gave up the idea of killing after being assured by Vasudev that he will hand over all his children to Kansa. Kansa put his brother-in-law and sister in prison. Kansa killed all the six infants as soon as they were born. The seventh child (Balram) was saved due to divine intervention, when he was transferred from Devki's womb to that of Rohini's (other wife of Vasudev). 

As Devki conceived the eighth child, everything around was imbued with benevolence and majestic beauty. Lord Krishna was born in the divine form with lotus like eyes, his palms bearing the signs of a lotus, while his sole has a swastika sign. He was adorned with jewels and was wearing a crown. Just as he was born at midnight, a chain of events astonished Vasudev, when he saw the gates of the cell flow open and all the guards fast asleep. He immediately thought of Nand, his close friend in Gokul and decided to hand over his child to him in order to save him from the clutch of Kansa. Crossing the River Yamuna, Vasudev reached Nand's residence and exchanged his son with Nand's daughter. Upon reaching the prison, the door got locked behind him and he was chained again as if nothing happened in between. The guards also woke up and after hearing the cry of the baby, informed Kansa about the birth of the eighth child. Just as Kansa rushed to kill the baby, it slipped out of his hand and flew towards the sky, proclaiming that the annihilator of Kansa was born and was safe. 


Hindus all over India observe fast on this day and recite the life story and teachings of Sri Krishna noted in the form of 'shlokas' in Bhagwad Gita. Temples of Lord Krishna are decorated most beautifully and children are adorned as Lord Krishna and Radhika, his spiritual beloved. Krishna Leela or the plays depicting scenes from Krishna's life, especially childhood, are performed. At midnight, when Lord Krishna was believed to have taken birth, an 'aarti' is performed and people break their fasts by feasting on sweets and delicious dishes prepared especially for the occasion. In many parts, the idol of baby Krishna is installed in a swing and offered sumptuous food, especially 'Makkhan' (butter) and 'Mishri' (sugar cubes).

Popular Places

Janmashtami is one such festival that is celebrated equally in North and South India. Preparations for the same start weeks in advance. Different parts of the country celebrate the festival differently. In South India, the celebrations are most prevalent in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. In both the places, the idol of Lord Krishna is placed in a decorated mantapa. Bhakshanam (snacks and sweets in Sanskrit), are specially prepared for the festival, and offered to Lord Krishna. Along with it, fruits that are his favorites are also offered. In some parts of Karnataka, chakli, avalakki and bellada panaka are prepared especially for the festival. In North India, celebrations are no less than being called extravagant and splendid. While Gokul and Vridnavan (Lord's birth and growing up place) witness flocks of visitors coming to the place to celebrate the festival at Krishna janamabhoomi, the other parts organize different events and practice different rituals to mark the occasion. In the cities of Mumbai and Pune, dahi-handi is organized wherein a group of men form human pyramid to reach a high-hanging pot of butter and break it. In the city of Dwarka in Gujarat and the eastern states of Orissa and West Bengal, people celebrate it with fasting and doing puja at midnight. Though the rituals practiced vary from one region to the other, the spirit and devotion to the Lord is same everywhere. Thus, it wouldn't be wrong to say that Krishna is the most loved and celebrated God in India.

My Sweet memories of this Festival

My memorable sweet memories of the Sri Krishna Janmasthami festival was performing as "Gopika" (playmate ) to Lord Krishna performed by my Friend Sri Vidya at Vijayawada ,Rajasthani English Medium High School.

Celebrations are celebrated very well from all three Mediums ( Telugu,Hindi,English )
The song sung and dance teached by Miss Subbaratnam Madam ,I never forget ,I thanks her a lot as even I never forget that Dandiya dance with her composition of song."Hey Nandala Prabhu Nadalala".

Hard work done by my mother inspired me today to decorate my two kids on this Janmasthami.She nicely decorated with Gopika dress and lovely mehendi on Hands and feet ,I love the Netted Chunni on the forehead and wearing ornaments on that day .Dandiya sticks are decorated with colorful paper.

Unforgettable Fancy shop even now at Vijayawada big hit Fancy supplies and Items for school children  are Rama Rao Fancy shop and Vijaya Novelties .

As generation changes memories  always remembers and makes life beautiful and brings me Joy!! 

Soon I post pictures of the festival celebrations.

Until that keep enjoying the festival with your little kids decorating as Muddu Krishnudu and pray Lord Krishna.

The following is the Krishna Stuti & Krishna Astakam as well as its meaning.

krishNa stuti

kasturi tilakam lalATa phalakE
vakshasthalE koustubham
nAsAgrE nava mouktikam
karatalE vENum karE kankaNam
sarvAngE hari chandanamcha
kalayan kanThEcha muktAvaLim
gOpa stree parivEshTitO vijayatE 
gOpAla chooDAmaNihi ||

karAravindEna padAravindam 
mukhAravindE vinivESayantam
vaTaSya patraSya puTE Sayanam
bAlam mukundam manasA smarAmi ||

krishNa shaTkam :

vasudEva sutam dEvam kamsa chANura mardanam 
dEvaki paramAnandam krishnam vandE jagadgurum||

kuTilAlaka samyuktam purNachandra nibhAnanam 
vilasat kunDala dharam krishNam vandE jagadgurum||

mandAra gandha samyuktam chAru hAsam chaturbhujam
barhi pincha chuDAngam krishNam vandE jagadgurum||

utphulla padma patrAksham neela jeemuta sannibham
yAdavAnAm SirOratnam krishNam vandE jagadgurum||

rukmiNi kELee samyuktam peetAmbara suSObhitam
AvAsta tulasee gandham krishNam vandE jagadgurum ||

gOpikAnAm kucha dwanda kumkumAnkita vaksham
SrinikEtam mahESyAsam krishNam vandE jagadgurum||

SrivatsAnkam mahOraskam vanamAlA virAjitam
Sankha chakra dharam dEvam krishNam vandE jagadgurum ||

KrishNAshTaka midam prAtahkAlE yah paThEt
kOTi janma krutam pApam smaraNEna vinaSyati ||

Krishna Stuti:

Krishna's forehead is adorned with 'Kasturi tilakam'(mark with musk). His chest is embellished with Koustubha gem. A shining pearl is on the tip of his nose. There is flute in his hands and a bracelet shines on his wrist. His whole body is smeared with pure sandalwood paste. His neck is adorned with a garland of pearls. He is surrounded by beautiful Gopikas. Victory to Sri krishna who is the diadem of Yadu clan.

Divine child Krishna keeps beautifully his lotus-like foot in his lotus-like mouth with his lotus-like hands.He reclines on banyan leaf, floating on ocean. I heartily meditate upon child Mukunda the bestower of salvation.


I bow to Krishna the spiritual preacher of the world who is God, born to Vasudeva, who annihilated Kamsa and Chanura and who is the supreme delight for mother Devaki.

He is beautiful like 'Atasi' flower. His anklets are glittering. His armlets and ornaments on shoulders are studded with gems. I bow to Krishna the spiritual preacher of the world.

He is pretty with curly tresses. His face is resplendent like fullmoon. His ear rings are glittering. I bow to Krishna the spiritual preacher of the world.

He shines with Mandara flowers and sandalwood paste. His smile is attractive. He has four arms. His hair-knot is embellished with peacock feathers. I bow to Krishna the spiritual preacher of the world.

His eyes are beautiful like petals of blooming lotus. His complexion resembles bluish cloud. He is jewel of Yadu clan. I bow to Krishna the supreme preacher of the world.

His sports with Rukmini are lovely. His yellow garment is shining. Smell of his Tulasi garland is auspicious. I bow to Krishna the supreme teacher of the world.

His chest is smeared with saffron on Gopikas' breasts.. His chest is abode for Srilakshmi. I bow to Krishna the supreme teacher of the world.

There is 'Srivatsa' mark on his chest. He shines with lotus garland. He is Vishnu who wields conch and discus. I bow to Krishna the supreme teacher of the world.

Whoever recites these eight verses praising Srikrishna, early in the morning will be rid off all sins committed in crores of previous births.a

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